Model trains were introduced after 1850. These trains were produced in tin plates and the rails were prepared of cast iron. They gradually developed in its mechanism and then changed to live steam engine models.. It was then run on the ground with the technology of steam and clockwork engines. European countries manufactured good quality model engines. In the year 1891 Marklin produced the first model train with a complete system where the clockwork provided the moving power and then it was properly painted.
In the first model trains Marklin used three varieties of gauge having 1 ¾” track gauges, 2” gauges and 2 ½” gauges.. As it developed another gauge, 0 1 quarter, was added to its list. ~Hornby model train first came in 1920’s. It then moved to China}. In the 1920’s the first Hornby People collected these model trains. It was their dream}. model train was launched in UK and there after in 1955 it moved its base to China. People made collection of these model trains. It was their dream. His trains were chiefly of the same principle. Knowledge was required to fix it. It looked beautiful with electricity In these models you can construct your track mat layout or even a larger layout than that. The model train sets included track mat with buildings, landscapes, level crossings external and internal sidings, stations, platforms, loading sheds, signals, and many other accessories to give the miniature a natural look.The model train had accessories. It had platforms to buildings.It looked natural.
For the period world war I Germany then the largest company of model trains , could not cope with the demand. As a result industries like JEP in France came into manufacturing and Switzerland was not far behind in the race. During this period 00 and H0 gauges were designed. But ultimately 00 gauge became the standard measurement. In the later part of 1930 Hornby launched Hornby Dublo 12 volt DC electric and clockwork models when 0 gauge was obsolete. After the world war II Britain started manufacturing trains with 00 gauge and France in H0 gauge. But Hornby still continued with it 0 gauge model train manufacture. His models were having three rail tracks which was a marketing mistake for him.His models had three tracks. It was a great mistake. It failed in the market. During this phase many industries had changed over to two fold tracks. They all had 12 volt DC electricity and two tracks.. Hornby implemented this idea only in 1950, which saw a marketing boom through out the industries of model trains.
The model railway gauges are:
i) 00 gauge – 10 mm to 1 foot i.e. 1/76 scale with 16.5 mm gauge inside track,
ii) 1 gauge – 10 mm to 1 foot i.e. 1/30.5 scale with 44.45 mm gauge track width,
iii) 0 gauge 7 mm to 1 foot i.e. 1/43.5 scale with 32 mm gauge inside track.
Model trains now have many varieties.It is still in demand Most as luck would have it Hornby is still in the market and has launched its ‘live steam’ 00 gauge models of Greesley A4 and Flying Scotsman.